All Imports: Import prices increased 0.3 percent in July, following a 0.6 percent decline in June. Over the past three months, import prices edged down 0.1 percent, after increasing 13.7 percent in the seven months prior to May. Import prices rose 14.0 percent for the year ended in July, the largest 12-month advance since the index increased 18.1 percent for the year ended in August 2008. Higher prices for both fuel and nonfuel imports contributed to the increase over the past 12 months.
Fuel Imports: Fuel prices advanced 0.4 percent in July, following a 2.1 percent decline in June. Rising prices for petroleum, which increased 0.6 percent, contributed the most to the July advance. Fuel prices rose 45.5 percent for the year ended in July, led by a 48.9 percent increase in petroleum prices over the same period. In contrast, natural gas prices declined 3.6 percent in July and fell 0.9 percent over the past year.
All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for imports excluding fuel increased 0.2 percent in July, following a 0.1 percent decline in June. Higher prices for consumer goods as well as nonfuel industrial supplies and materials, up 0.4 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively, were the principal contributors to the increase in nonfuel prices. Prices for nonfuel imports increased 5.5 percent over the past 12 months, the largest year-over-year rise since a 6.1 percent advance between September 2007 and September 2008. In contrast, automotive vehicle prices declined 0.3 percent in July, while prices for capital goods remained unchanged.
All Exports: Export prices declined in July, falling 0.4 percent following a 0.1 percent uptick in June. The drop in July was the first decrease since the index fell 0.2 percent in July 2010. The downturn was led by a decline in the price index for agricultural commodities, which was partially offset by an advance in nonagricultural prices. Export prices rose 9.8 percent over the past 12 months, down from the 10.1 percent change for the year ended in June, which was the largest year-over-year increase in export prices since a 10.2 percent advance between July 2007 and July 2008.
Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports fell 4.3 percent in July, the largest decrease since a 4.9 percent decline in July 2009. Falling prices for cotton, corn, wheat, and soybeans, down 13.5 percent, 11.5 percent, 17.9 percent, and 4.4 percent, respectively, all contributed to the overall decline. Despite decreasing in three of the last four months, the index advanced 25.9 percent for the year ended in July.
All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Nonagricultural prices rose 0.2 percent in July after a 0.1 percent increase in June. Higher consumer goods prices and prices for automotive vehicles each contributed to the overall increase in nonagricultural prices in July. Over the past year, the index for nonagricultural prices rose 8.3 percent, the largest 12-month increase since the index was first published in 1985.
SELECTED JULY HIGHLIGHTS
Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for industrial supplies and materials excluding fuels increased 0.7 percent in July following a 0.4 percent decrease in June. Higher prices for fertilizers and other chemicals were the largest contributors to the increase. Over the past 12 months, the index rose 16.3 percent.
Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in July. Prices for consumer goods increased 0.4 percent, automotive vehicle prices fell 0.3 percent, and the price index for capital goods remained unchanged. Higher prices for cotton apparel and diamonds, which increased 1.8 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively, drove the advance in the price index for consumer goods. Falling prices for transport vehicles, down 4.5 percent in July, led the decline in the price index for automotive vehicles.
Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices increased 0.5 percent in July following a 1.7 percent decline in June. The increase was driven by rising prices for fish and shellfish and green coffee, which increased 2.0 percent and 2.9 percent, respectively.
Imports by Locality of Origin: The price index for imports from China advanced 0.4 percent in July following a 0.2 percent increase in June. Over the past year, import prices from China have increased 3.5 percent, the largest 12-month advance since the index rose 4.3 percent for the year ended October 2008. In contrast, import prices from Japan fell 0.3 percent, the largest decline since a 0.6 percent decrease in September 2008.
Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares edged down 0.1 percent in July. A 5.0 percent decline in European air fares was partially offset by a 6.1 percent gain in Latin America/Caribbean air fares. Import air freight prices fell 0.2 percent in July.
Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices fell 0.2 percent in July, following a 0.6 percent downturn in June. A 10.2 percent drop in prices for steelmaking materials led to the overall decrease; a 2.3 percent decline in plastic prices was also a contributing factor.
Finished Goods: The price indexes for consumer goods and for automotive vehicles both increased in July. The 0.6 percent increase in consumer goods was highlighted by rising prices for medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical materials, which increased 0.6 percent. Automotive vehicle prices rose 0.5 percent in July, led by a 0.7 percent increase in parts prices. Capital goods prices were unchanged in July.
Transportation Services: The index for export air passenger fares advanced 8.1 percent in July, driven by an 11.3 percent increase in European fares and an 8.8 percent increase in Asian fares. Over the past 12 months, the index for export air passenger fares rose 8.6 percent. Export air freight prices fell 0.8 percent in July after edging down 0.1 percent in June.