The national unemployment rate was 9.5 percent in July 2010, seasonally adjusted, unchanged from the prior month and essentially unchanged from 9.4 percent a year earlier. In July, total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 131,000 over the month and by 52,000 from a year earlier.
Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
The number of mass layoff events in July was 2,124 on a not seasonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 206,254. Over the year, the number of mass layoff events decreased by 930, and associated initial claims decreased by 130,400. Fourteen of the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by manufacturing, which reached a program low of 64,200 claims for the month of July. (Data began in 1995.)
The manufacturing sector accounted for 25 percent of all mass layoff events and 31 percent of initial claims filed in July. A year earlier, manufacturing made up 37 percent of events and 46 percent of initial claims. Within manufacturing, the number of claimants in July was greatest in transportation equipment and food. Eighteen of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by transportation equipment and machinery.
Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
All 4 regions and 8 of the 9 divisions experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims due to mass layoffs in July. Among the census regions, the Midwest and West registered the largest over-the-year declines in initial claims. Of the geographic divisions, the East North Central and the Pacific had the largest over-the-year declines.
California recorded the highest number of initial claims in July, followed by New York, Michigan, and Illinois. Thirty-eight states experienced over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by California and Illinois. In 2010, Indiana, Kansas, New Hampshire, and Wyoming reached or matched program lows for July in terms of initial claimants, while New Jersey and New York reached program highs for the month.